JBI Glossary of Terms

The JBI Glossary of Terms has been developed by representatives of each division within JBI and approved by the JBI Executive Group. When referring to any JBI program, product, service, activity or general term you should consult the below table to ensure the correct spelling, definition and promotional message (where relevant) is used. 

Click on a heading below to read a full definition of the term and a description of how it should be worded in promotional messaging.

TermDefinitionPromotional Message (for programs, products, services  only)Notes

B  -------------------------------

Best Practice Information Sheets

Brief, clinically focused overviews of the key methods and findings of high quality JBI reviews with a focus on supporting clinical care and decision-making.

C  -------------------------------


CAN-IMPLEMENT© is an online resource that provides a practical guide to assist individuals and groups engage in adapting existing evidence-based practice guidelines used within their institution or community. The interactive manual provides practical guidance on how to adapt existing guidelines and recommendations for individual hospitals and communities and how to implement them. CAN-IMPLEMENT was developed as a practical guide to assist users who have made the strategic decision to adapt quality existing guidelines to their local context. The resource is useful for any guideline developer or adaptor, and is particularly geared towards those with less guideline development experience. Originally developed by the Canadian Guideline Adaption Study Group, this pragmatic and useful initiative is now available as part of the JBI EBP Suite of Resources on OvidSP

Clinical Fellows

Participants who completed the Evidence-based Clinical Fellowship Program (now Evidence Implementation Training Program) are referred to as Clinical Fellows of JBI.

Clinical Leadership Workshop

A one-day workshop that provides participants with information and practical techniques to create a more positive, personal and professional culture back in their workplace. It also helps participants to identify strategies that will assist in managing difficult behaviour, building productive teams and implementing change, thereby enabling effective leadership of projects and people.Tagline: Unlock your leadership potential
Equips health professionals with the knowledge and tools required to be effective clinical leaders. This workshop is based on JBI's history over the past 20 years, together with the best available evidence regarding clinical leadership.

Clinical Online Network of Evidence for Care and Therapeutics (COnNECT+)

COnNECT+ is JBI's web-based facility that provides users with resources and tools to search, appraise, summarise, embed, utilise and evaluate evidence-based information.

Collaborating Entity

A JBI Centre of Excellence or a JBI Affiliated Group. Also referred to as a 'JBIC Entity'.

Always 'Centre' (not Center) when referring to a 'Centre of Excellence';  Always Collaborating Entity (capitalised);Use 'Entities' as a generic term, not 'Centres' (as JBI has Centres AND Groups). 

Committee of Directors (CoD)

The Committee of Directors (CoD) is the principal strategic planning committee of the Joanna Briggs Collaboration 

Comprehensive Systematic Review Training Program

A one, three or five day program which incorporates both theory and hands on experience so that participants learn how to develop a focused question, search for relevant literature, appraise and synthesise evidence arising from research. By the end of the program participants complete a protocol and are ready to commence their review.Prepares researchers and clinicians to develop, conduct and report  systematic reviews in order to provide the strongest possible evidence to inform decision making or clinical guidelines in healthcare. Never 'systematic review training', i.e. always include 'Comprehensive'

Consultancy Services

The skills and expertise of JBI staff are provided in return for remuneration from an external funder.  Consultancy may cover activities such as expert opinion, analysis and process development. A research consultancy may result from a tender or individual negotiation.

Critical Appraisal Tools

JBI critical appraisal tools aid in the process of assessing the trustworthiness, relevance and results of published papers.

E  -------------------------------

Editorial Manager®

The online submission and review system for the JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports (JBISRIR).

Editorial Advisory Board

The JBISRIR is governed by an international editorial advisory board comprising leading practitioners and researchers within evidence-based healthcare from around the world. The role of the editorial advisory board is to guide the development of the journal and its future direction including the provision of advice and feedback on journal editorial policies, processes and content. Members of the editorial advisory board also advocate for the journal and promote its content; conduct periodical reviews of manuscripts submitted to the journal; and provide expert methodological and/or topical advice to the Editor-in-Chief on editorial issues.

Entity Agreement

The Collaborating Entity Legal Agreement signed between the University of Adelaide (for JBI) and the Entity host organisation.

Evidence Implementation 

Evidence implementation is a purposeful and enabling set of activities designed to engage key stakeholders with research evidence to inform decision-making and generate sustained improvement in the quality of healthcare delivery. Components include a context analysis, the facilitation of practice change and evaluation of process and outcome.

Evidence Summaries

A summary of the current evidence to inform decision making at the point of care, in a useful, easy to read format.

Evidence Synthesis

Evidence synthesis is the evaluation or analysis and collation of research evidence and opinion on a specific topic to aid in decision-making in health care. Components include systematic reviews, evidence summaries and guidelines.

Evidence Transfer

Evidence transfer is the coactive, participatory process to advance access to and uptake of evidence in local contexts. It is a causal phenomenon consisting of factors that enable, facilitate and support evidence implementation that is more than just a single interaction. It incorporates active dissemination, systems integration and education.  

Evidence-based Clinical Fellowship Program

A six-month program which involves two five-day intensive training workshops at JBI and a six-month evidence-based implementation project. Participants develop and engage in processes to further develop their leadership skills and strengths, conduct clinical audits, develop and execute strategies to implement evidence-based practice in their own work environment.  Provides clinicians, managers, policy makers and quality managers in healthcare with proven approaches to implementing evidence into practice. Never 'Clinical Fellows Program'; Always Evidence-based (lowercase 'b')

Evidence-based Healthcare (EBHC)

Process of using evidence to inform healthcare practices. JBI defines evidence-based healthcare as decision-making that considers the feasibility, appropriateness, meaningfulness and effectiveness of healthcare practices. The best available evidence, the context in which care is delivered, the individual patient and the professional judgement and expertise of the health professional inform this process.
Always Evidence-based (lowercase 'b'); Always 'Healthcare' (one word)

Evidence-based Recommended Practices

Step-by-step reliable evidence-based best practice standards and principals designed by clinicians for clinicians across clinical specialties in acute care, long-term care and rehabilitation therapy.

Expert Reference Group (ERG)

Expert Reference Groups support the JBI COnNECT+ and JBI EBP Database specialities. Each group consists of national and/or international members with experience and expertise in a speciality. Entry is by invitation, either by the Chair or JBI. Expert Reference groups meet up to four times per year via teleconference, and provide review / feedback on database content. 

F  -------------------------------

Foundation Evidence-based Clinical Fellowship Program

JBI offers four Evidence-based Clinical Fellowship Programs each year, with one open only to health professionals of outstanding merit from low and lower-middle income countries (LMIC) who are fully sponsored by the Joanna Briggs Foundation (JBF) to travel to Adelaide and work closely with JBI staff.The Foundation EBCFP is tailored for each participant and provides the framework for key medical staff from LMIC to learn and use JBI methodologies and approaches to implement evidence in practice. JBI staff mentor each participant as they learn how to implement an evidence-based project to improve health care in their own work environment. In this way, JBI works towards its vision of a world in which the best available evidence is used to inform decision making at the point of care to improve health outcomes in communities globally. Fellows of this program are referred to as 'Foundation Fellows'.

G  -------------------------------

GRADE Workshop

Is a 1-day workshop  designed for systematic reviewers, guideline developers and others wanting to learn more about GRADE methodology, particularly the creation of Summary of Findings tables and Evidence Profiles. The course includes theory along with hands-on activities.The GRADE approach reflects ‘best practice’ in terms of clinical guideline development and has been endorsed by organisations across the globe.

H  -------------------------------

I  -------------------------------

International Journal for Evidence-based Healthcare (IJEBHC)

A fully refereed journal that publishes manuscripts relating to evidence-based medicine and evidence-based practice. It publishes papers containing reliable evidence to assist health professionals in their evaluation and decision-making, and to inform health professionals, students and researchers of outcomes, debates and developments in evidence-based medicine and healthcare.

J  -------------------------------

JBIC Activity Matrix

A framework that details the core and elective activities that JBIC Entities may undertake to maintain their JBI Collaborating Entity membership.

JBIC Core Staff

 JBIC Core Staff are those persons that are integral to the primary activities of any JBIC Entity. Including, but not limited to, persons that have an essential administrative role; that lead synthesis or implementation projects; that are key to delivering educational programs; and are key to fostering and establishing collaborations. Core staff members would normally work with a Collaborating Entity on an ongoing basis in a defined FTE capacity.

JBIC Entity

See 'Collaborating Entity'


An online network for all JBIC documents accessed via the joannabriggs.org  website.

JBI Adelaide GRADE Centre

As the first GRADE Centre in Australia and New Zealand, the Centre is a central hub of GRADE related research and teaching in the region. The Centre offers training in GRADE methods and contributes to the scientific development of GRADE methods.

JBI Advisory Committee

The JBI Advisory Committee is the governing body of the Joanna Briggs Institute that is appointed by and accountable to the Executive Dean, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, the University of Adelaide.

JBI Buzz

JBI Buzz is a monthly newsletter which contains news stories from around the world relating to JBI and the Joanna Briggs Collaboration; a listing of JBI tools, resources and publications; and a global calendar of events that are hosted by JBI and Collaborating Entities.

JBI EBP Database (Ovid)

The complete evidence-based practice content set from the Joanna Briggs Institute available via OvidSP.

The JBI EBP Database available via OvidSP covers a wide range of medical, nursing, and health science specialties and includes a unique suite of information that’s been analysed, appraised, and prepared by expert reviewers at JBI so that health professionals can integrate the world’s best evidence into practice. The complete evidence-based practice content set includes:

  • Evidence Summaries
  • Evidence–based Recommended Practices
  • Best Practice Information Sheets

JBI Endorsement 

JBI Endorsement is a recognition awarded to healthcare organisations that demonstrate commitment to evidence-based healthcare and an organisational-wide culture of innovation and excellence.

JBI Endorsement can help provide your hospital, nursing home, clinic, or other healthcare service with the standards it needs to garner status as an organisation with the highest-quality healthcare practices.

As a JBI Endorsed organisation, not only will your organisation

demonstrate credibility to patients, clients, practitioners and
stakeholders but it will also benefit from a variety of other perks as a part of JBI’s global movement in evidence-based healthcare
Always refer to 'endorsed' or 'endorsement' as 'JBI Endorsed' and 'JBI Endorsement'
JBI Evidence Synthesis (JBI Journal)

JBI Evidence Synthesis is an official journal of JBI. It is an international peer-reviewed, online journal that publishes manuscripts encompassing evidence synthesis and healthcare. JBI Evidence Synthesis seeks to disseminate rigorous, high-quality research that provides the best available evidence to inform policy and practice through the science and conduct of systematic and scoping reviews. The journal publishes systematic and scoping review protocols, diverse types of systematic reviews, and scoping reviews covering multi-disciplinary healthcare-related topics that follow methodology and methods developed by JBI. The journal also publishes editorials, letters to the editor as well as original applied research and discussion papers examining synthesis methods. JBI Evidence Synthesis does not accept systematic reviews of in vitro or animal studies.

Never abbreviate the Journal in any external documentation or correspondence

JBI Implementation Report

A JBI Implementation Report is one that follows JBI methodology and methods and utilises the JBI Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System (JBI-PACES) and is published in the JBISRIR. 

JBI Methodology Groups

JBI Methodology Groups examine JBI methodologies in relation to the conduct of systematic reviews of different evidence types.

JBI Mission

To synthesise, transfer and facilitate the implementation of the best available evidence related to the feasibility, appropriateness, meaningfulness and effectiveness of
health policy and practice.

JBI Model

The JBI Model of Evidence-based Healthcare was developed in 2005 and updated in 2016. The inner circle represents the pebble of knowledge while the “inner wedges” provide the Institutes conceptualisation of the steps involved in the process of achieving an evidence-based approach to clinical decision-making. The “outer wedges” operationalise the component parts of the model and articulate how they might be actioned in a pragmatic way.

JBI Reviewers Manual

The JBI Reviewers Manual is designed to provide authors with a comprehensive guide to conducting JBI systematic reviews. It describes in detail the process of planning, undertaking and writing up a systematic review of qualitative, quantitative,  economic, text and opinion based evidence. It also outlines JBI support mechanisms for those doing review work and opportunities for publication and training. The JBI Reviewers Manual should be used in conjunction with the JBI SUMARI Tutorials and FAQs.

JBI Systematic Review

A JBI Systematic Review follows JBI methodology for guidance and reports. There are currently 6 different types of JBI systematic reviews.

JBI Systematic Review Protocol

A JBI systematic review protocol describes the rationale, hypothesis, and planned methods of the review, follows JBI methodology and methods; utilises JBI- SUMARI; and is published in the JBISRIR. It should be prepared before a review is started and used as a guide to carry out the review. Detailed protocols should be developed a priori, made publicly available, and registered in a registry such as PROSPERO.

JBI Trainers Portal

The JBI trainers portal is a repository for current teaching materials, guidance and resources for the CSRTP and EBCFP. It is only for accredited JBI trainers who are active members of the JBI Global Training Network.

JBI Vision

A world in which the best available evidence is used to inform decision making at the point of care to improve health outcomes in communities globally.

Joanna Briggs Institute Collaboration (JBIC)

An international group of self-governing Collaborating Entities, initiated and coordinated through the Joanna Briggs Institute that promote and support the synthesis, transfer and utilization of evidence through identifying feasible, appropriate, meaningful and effective healthcare practices to assist in the improvement of healthcare outcomes globally.

Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI)

An international not-for-profit research and development centre within the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at the University of Adelaide, South Australia, focused on promoting and supporting evidence-based practice globally.
Not 'the JBI', just 'JBI'; Always use singular (e.g. 'JBI has xxxx', not 'JBI have xxxx')

N  -------------------------------


The JBI COnNECT+ clinical database and JBI EBP Database via Ovid SP are indexed by speciality healthcare and practice areas. Each speciality has a JBI academic lead and is supported by an Expert Reference Group and Corresponding Reference Group.

O  -------------------------------

Online Courses

JBI offers a range of educational online courses that are accredited for Continuing Professional Development in the USA. These courses include JBI Best Practice Interactive Clinical Courses, JBI Advanced Courses for Experienced Researchers and Evidence-based Practice Core Concept Courses.JBI offers a range of educational courses online via our partner Wolters Kluwer Health. These courses are accredited continuing professional development courses in the USA.

P  -------------------------------

Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System (PACES)

JBI's online program to assist with clinical audit and practice change.

Postgraduate Research Degrees - Master of Clinical Science (Evidence-based Healthcare)

A postgraduate research degree that aims to train students in research methodologies and techniques specific to the needs of evidence-based healthcare, as well as the critical evaluation of evidence and research.A research degree for training in research methodologies and techniques associated with evidence-based healthcare and in the critical evaluation of evidence and research offering supervision for candidates interested in skill development in: searching for; appraising; extracting and synthesising evidence; in conducting systematic reviews; and in translating evidence into action in health policy and clinical practice. 

Postgraduate Research Degrees – Doctor of Philosophy PhD (Evidence-based Healthcare)

A postgraduate research degree that aims to train independent researchers with the skills, knowledge and experience necessary to become active, independent contributors to the global development of evidence-based healthcare.  Successful PhD candidates are recognised for their capacity to contribute to evidence-based healthcare as demonstrated through their completion of a program of research on aspects of collaboration, synthesis, transfer and/or implementation science. The knowledge generated assists to inform current global trends, debates and knowledge in the field, and candidates are readily recognised for their contribution to knowledge via the JBI PhD program. All PhD students are offered supervisory support from scientific and research staff of JBI.


An International prospective register of systematic reviews.

R  -------------------------------

Rapid Appraisal Protocol internet database (RAPid)

JBI's online critical appraisal tool allowing submission of a completed paper to be peer reviewed.

Recommended Practices

Recommended practices are processes of care that describe and/or recommend certain routines or procedures on a selected clinical topic and are based on the best available evidence. The purpose of recommended practices are to provide healthcare professionals with basic principles to perform a specific practice safely and effectively.

Registered Titles

A list of registered systematic reviews that are currently underway.

S  -------------------------------

Scientific Writers

JBI Scientific Writers are persons external to the institute who play an integral role in updating JBI Evidence Summaries. Scientific Writers usually have a background in health and have applied to become a scientific writer for JBI. They are renumerated for updating evidence summaries. Scientific Writers become named updaters of the published Evidence Summaries Scientific Writers, facilitated by JBI Research Fellows, assist with updating Evidence Summaries. This work is performed remotely, at your own pace, and is tailored to suit your availability. Scientific Writers become named updaters of the published Evidence Summaries, have opportunity to learn JBI methods for rapid reviews of literature, gain skills in writing evidence-based healthcare content, and get paid a stipend based on the content they update.

System for the Unified Management of the Assessment and Review of Information (SUMARI)

JBI's software for the systematic review of literature designed to assist researchers and practitioners to appraise and synthesise evidence of feasibility, appropriateness, meaningfulness and effectiveness; and to conduct economic evaluations of activities and interventions.
Pronounced 'summary'

T  -------------------------------

Train-the-Trainer: CSRTP

The JBI Train-theTrainer: CSRTP is designed to enable JBI Collaborating Entity staff to become accredited trainers,  to deliver the  CSRTP in a manner that maintains consistency in the teaching and learning processes employed, and to help ensure that trainers uphold the reputation and standing of JBI.

Train-the-Trainer: EBCFP

The JBI Train-the-Trainer: EBCFP is designed to enable JBI Collaborating Entity staff to become accredited trainers,  to deliver the  EBCFP in a manner that maintains consistency in the teaching and learning processes employed, and to help ensure that trainers uphold the reputation and standing of JBI.

W  -------------------------------

Wolters Kluwer Health/ Ovid

The global commercial distributor of JBI's Evidence-based practice resources and tools and JBI online educational courses.